Chhattisgarh – A Glorious History

The first historical mention of Chhattisgarh is found in the form of Kosala in the Ramayana. According to this epic, the mother of Lord Rama, Kaushalya was the daughter of King Bhanumanta, the ruler of Kosala. Bhanumanta did not have a son, which is why King Dashratha inherited the kingdom of Kosala. Many regions of Chhattisgarh are linked to the Ramayana.


The State’s Actual Standing

(1). The total area of the state 135361 sq km
(2). Area wise, The 9th largest state in India
(3). Area wise, The 9th largest state in India


A Universe of Rivers

There are four main catchment areas in the state, mainly Mahanadi, Ganga, Godavari, and Narmada. Under this, the Mahanadi, Shivnath, Arpa, Indravati, Sabari, Leelagar, Hasdo, Pairi, and Sondur are the main rivers. The Mahanadi is the lifeline of Chhattisgarh. Except the rivers of Bastar, other major rivers like the Shivnath, Arpa, Hasdo, Sondur and Jonk become a part of the Mahanadi River. The Mahanadi and its tributaries hold 58.48% of the state’s water.


Abundant Forests

The total forest area of the state is approximately 45%. The height of Sal trees ranges from 12-30m. The wood is strong and durable, which makes it useful for manufacturing of railway sleepers. Maximum Sal forest cover can be seen in Raigarh, Jashpur, Bilaspur, Raipur, Korea, Bastar, and Surguja districts.।

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Pleasant Climate

Chhattisgarh is located in the middle-eastern part of India. This is why the state has a Tropical Monsoon climate or Dry Sub-Humid climate, similar to the rest of the country. The Tropic of Cancer line passes through the northern part of Chhattisgarh (Surguja-Koriya districts), which is why the summer is very hot, while the winter is quite cold. From March 21st, the summer solstice occurs which causes the sun’s direct rays to reach Chhattisgarh, causing the temperature to rise. The highest temperature in the state is experienced in May, which is approximately 45°C. The lowest temperature in December is around 18°C. Usually, May-June is the warmest period, while December to January are the coldest months. The hottest place in the state is Champa, while the coldest place is Ambikapur.


Fertile Soils

The soils of Chhattisgarh can be classified into Kanhar, Dorsa, Matasi and Bhata. Paddy and grains are grown in all soils found in Chhattisgarh, because they are the most suitable for crops. This is why, Chhattisgarh state is also called the rice bowl.


Agricultural Production

Kharif Crop – This crop is sown at the beginning of the monsoon, and is harvested at the beginning of winter.

Rabbi Crop – This crop is sown at the beginning of winter, and harvested at the beginning of summer.